“I think we can categorically reject the myth that gender differences in human warfare reflect a biological basis. Two of the three logical assumptions necessary to support the myth are not supported by the evidence. Male animals are not generally more aggressive than females, and human institutional behavior is not a direct reflection of human individual behavior.”
From ‘Biology Does Not Make Men More Aggressive Than Women’ by David Adams
“Partner abuse refers to acts of physical aggression such as slapping, pushing, shoving, and kicking…. The acts occur in anger, and they are not made in self-defense. Partner abuse also refers to any act of physical aggression requiring medical attention. It can involve threats and intimidation such that the victim is almost always fearful of the partner… In representative samples, the rates of physical aggression are about equal for men and women, but physical aggression by men is associated with more fear and injury than is aggression by women…. Not all physical aggression in intimate relations escalates, but some certainly does. Further, when well-established, partner abuse is very hard to stop. Thus, actions are needed to prevent and deescalate physical aggression by women and men in its early stages.”
From ‘O’Leary, K. D. (2000). Are Women Really More Aggressive Than Men in Intiate Relationships?
Common on Archer (2000). Psychological Bulletin. 126(5), 685-689.